A world leader in parking and individual mobility, serving Smart Cities of tomorrow. The Group’s activities bring together several businesses: off-street car parks and associated services, on-street car parking, individual mobility, digital and associated services.

Indigo builds, finances  and operates personalised and ever smarter parking solutions which facilitate a smoother, more integrated, and easier customer journey.

Indigo has been all about mobility from the very beginning. No parking, no mobility…And without mobility, the development of urban areas is impossible.

We are investing heavily in the development of new individual mobility and digitalisation services, which we will deploy across our on and off-street car parks and spaces.  both in France and internationally.

Our presence on several continents allows us to test the adaptability of our innovations and enrich them with the experience gained in the field.

Serge Clémente, President of Indigo Group

+5 600

car parks internationally




managed parking spaces

+3 000

km of managed on-street parking



+20 000


We develop bespoke solutions in all client segments (cities, airports, hospitals, shopping centres, train stations, leisure and event spaces, universities, etc.).

From the construction of off-street car park franchises to the innovations of the smart city, we have kept ahead of the trends to make intelligent mobility a reality which is adapted to the meet the challenges of the future.

To meet each person’s needs and address the challenges of cities, we provide  innovative solutions which complement the car: shared bicycles, electric scooters, etc.


1960 – 2000 2001 – 2014 2015 – 2017 Since 2017

Organising parking

Faced with a growing need for parking in the cities, Indigo, known as GTM at the time, inaugurated its first ‘concession  model’ car park in 1964, under the Esplanade des Invalides. Followed by Georges V, Malesherbes-Anjou and more.

Paris became Indigo’s innovation laboratory. With the development of off-street car parks and on-street parking, toll systems were automated, and electronic payment options were introduced. Through the use of the Carte Bleue (a debit card payment system widely used in France). GTM and Sogeparc exported their knowledge all over the world.

Offering more than a parking space

The car park, once a single-use space, became a place offering a variety of services. With individual mobility services, loans of umbrellas, bicycles, and shopping bags, 21st century parking took shape and became a link to urban mobility. In 2001, GTM and Sogeparc merged to create VINCI Park, which relied on the basics (quality, security, and customer service) to attract users.

The digital era

In 2015, VINCI Park became Indigo and positioned itself as a key player in parking and individual mobility, with a new digital service.

As in other consumer sectors, the customer experience was evolving towards more freedom, more choice, and more customisation. Indigo launched OPnGO, the only app that gives the driver a complete parking experience, including route search, finding the best space at the best price, and providing the smoothest and most efficient customer journey.

A new shared bike service with INDIGO® weel

Between increasing urbanisation and changes in people’s habits, means of transport are changing and with them, the habits of consumers in terms of urban mobility. In this transition, bikes play an essential role in city trips. To address these challenges, Indigo continues to deploy shared self-service bicycles, without docking- stations.


Serge Clemente

Chief Executive Officer

Serge Clemente

Chief Executive Officer

Serge Clémente was born in 1960. He graduated from the École Nationale des Arts et Métiers (ENSAM) and holds a postgraduate diploma from the Institut d’Administration des Entreprises (IAE Paris). He was originally a sales engineering for a subsidiary of Alcatel (1983-1985), and he subsequently held a series of senior positions in subsidiaries, notably in Morocco, as Company Secretary of Sopharma Morocco (Sanofi-Synthelabo group), and then in a senior executive role at Cegelec.

In 1995, Serge Clémente joined Alstom Contracting. By 1999, he had been appointed Executive Vice President, heading the Paris region and Western France.

He founded Faceo, a Facilities Management company, in 2000 and held the posts of Chairman of the Executive Board and Chief Executive Officer. He sold the entity to VINCI In 2010.

Serge Clémente joined VINCI Park in September 2011 as Executive Managing Director. He was appointed Chief Executive Officer in 2014, and then President of the Executive Board.

He directed the launch of Indigo Group in November 2015.

David Kownator

Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer

David Kownator

Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer

David Kownator graduated from Sciences Po and HEC Paris (France). He began his career as an investment banker, first as a Corporate Finance analyst at Morgan Stanley in London, then as an associate at UBS Warburg.

In 2003, David joined Apax Partners, a Private Equity firm, as LBO (Leverage Buy-Out) origination officer. He became a Principal in the Business Services LBO team, where he completed and managed controlling investments in companies active in IT, Telecom, Payment Services, Facility Management and Power Production. David served on the boards of directors of Prosodie, Faceo and Financière Helios.

In 2010, he joined Ergon Capital Partners (Groupe Bruxelles Lambert) as a Principal and subsequently founded Victoria Private Equity, a Private Equity and Corporate Finance advisory firm.

In March 2014, David Kownator joined Indigo Group as Chief Transformation Officer. In 2015, he launched and managed OPnGO, a global parking market place that makes finding a parking space faster and easier for users. In 2018, he returned to Indigo Group as Executive Vice President in charge of the Group’s Strategy and Partnerships.

Sébastien Fraisse

Executive Vice-President and France Managing Director

Sébastien Fraisse

Executive Vice-President and France Managing Director

Born in 1972, Sébastien Fraisse is a graduate of both the École Polytechnique and the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées engineering schools. He began his career at the Ministry of Public Works, where he was in charge of Engineering and Execution for major road construction projects in a district of Moselle, eastern France, from 1998 to 2001.

He joined ASF (Autoroutes du Sud de la France) in 2001, initially as Deputy Regional Manager for Provence-Camargue, and then Regional Manager West Atlantic. In 2006, following the VINCI Group’s acquisition of ASF, he took on the role of Project Director responsible for Synergies for VINCI Concessions. He then returned to ASF, where he headed Operations, first in charge of supports then of the South-East network. In 2010 he was appointed Executive Vice President.

He left VINCI Autoroutes for VINCI Park in October 2012, where he became Executive Vice President, France, in charge of Development and Operations for the French network.

Since June 2014, Sébastien has been a member of the Executive Committee of VINCI Park, which has been known as Indigo Group since 2015.

Stéphane De Barros

General Counsel and insurance

Stéphane De Barros

General Counsel and insurance

Born in 1965, Stéphane de Barros holds two postgraduate law diplomas from Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris 1) and Val de Marne University (Paris 12) in the construction sector and level government.

He started his career in 1991 as a corporate lawyer at Campenon Bernard, a construction subsidiary of VINCI. He continued with VINCI from 1994 to 2000, firstly as a lawyer in the Concessions team, and then as Legal Affairs manager. He was involved in separating VINCI from the Vivendi Group, as well as the public purchase offer for Sogeparc in 1999 followed by the public exchange offer for the GTM group in 2000. He handled the merger of Sogeparc and Parcs GTM, out of which VINCI Park was created.

Since 2001, he has been General Counsel and insurance, with responsibility for Legal Affairs and Insurance, at VINCI Park, which became Indigo Group in 2015.

Wilfried Thierry

Managing Director, North America & United Kingdom

Wilfried Thierry

Managing Director, North America & United Kingdom

After obtaining a Master’s in Civil & Building Engineering at the National Engineering School of Saint-Etienne in France, Wilfried joined VINCI Park in 2002 as Manager for New Business Development, based in the United Kingdom. Following a 5-year period as International Director based in Paris, where his focus was on development in North America & Central Europe, he relocated to the United States in 2010 as Senior Vice President of Operations at LAZ Parking.

Returning to Paris in 2012, he took on the role of Head of Europe, overseeing operations, acquisitions and new business development for both on- and off-street parking projects across eight European countries. In October 2014, Wilfried was appointed Managing Director North America & UK, a position in which he exercises similar responsibilities.

Loïc Delcroix

Iberian and South America Director

Loïc Delcroix

Iberian and South America Director

Born in France in 1973, Loïc Delcroix graduated from the Lille HEI engineering school. He started his career in 1999 at Indigo as a sales engineer in the international division. He was involved in both developing the Chilean subsidiary and then selling it in 2005. In 2006, he became Regional Manager and then Regional Director in charge of Russia, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland, and Luxemburg.

He moved to Madrid in 2011, as CEO of Indigo’s Spanish subsidiary. Alongside his responsibilities in Spain, he was appointed Director of the European Region in September 2014. In 2018, he became Director of the IBSA zone in which involves Spain and South America.

Thomas Bimson

Area Director Central Europe

Thomas Bimson

Area Director Central Europe

Born in Belgium in 1971, Thomas Bimson is a qualified Commercial Engineer and holds a Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy (Université Catholique de Louvain 1994). After taking up various sales and managerial roles in the PetroFina Group (Total Group), he went into the parking industry in 2000 at CityParking as Sales Director, focusing on Belgium and Norway. Promoted to General Manager in 2004, he continued to grow the company and supported three changes in shareholders. Thomas joined Indigo Group in 2008 as Managing Director for Indigo Park Belgium, a subsidiary he significantly developed with his team over a ten-year period. In January 2018, and in addition to his responsibilities in Belgium, Thomas was appointed Area Director Central Europe.

Thomas plays an active role in various associations and management thinking groups.

Paul Valencia

Mobilty and Digital Solutions Director

Paul Valencia

Mobilty and Digital Solutions Director

Paul Valencia was born in Mexico in 1979. He holds a MSC from the National Engineering School of Saint-Étienne in France and an EMBA from the London Business School.

He started off his career as a project manager on construction projects in Spain and France before joining VINCI Park in London in 2005 as Development Manager with responsibility for developing the concessions business in the U.K.

Paul joined the VINCI Concessions Development division in 2010, and was in charge of developing various infrastructure projects for major international markets.

He returned to VINCI Park in 2012 as Managing Director of the overseas Market, managing the company’s activities in Brazil, Russia and Qatar and developing the businesses in fast growing new markets in Latin America and Asia.

Benjamin Voron

Director of Communication

Benjamin Voron

Director of Communication

Born in 1976, Benjamin Voron holds a Master’s degree in Social Law (Paris I) and a CELSA degree.

He began his career at SAUR, in the environmental subsidiary of the Bouygues group, where he assumed responsibilities related to communications of Pole Propreté. In 2005, he joined the holding company of the Saur group and assisted in the transformation of the company as part of an LBO. In 2008, he became the Head of Group Communications with the main objectives of defining a Corporate Communication strategy, creating a new corporate culture and leading communicators in France and internationally.

In 2011, he became the Chief Advisor to Le Public Système – Hopscotch Communication Agency.

He joined VINCI Park in 2013 as Director of Communications. In particular, he led the INDIGO identity change project and ensured its roll-out across all the countries and subsidiaries of the Group.

Parallel to his professional career, Benjamin Voron has also accomplished a world tour

Laurent Fayollas

Member of the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra

Laurent joined ARDIAN in 2005 and successfully took part in the settlement and development of its Infrastructure activity which has since then grown to € 9bn of assets under management with more than 33 investments across Europe.

He played a key role in major transactions (such as Indigo, LUTON Airport, HSL Tours-Bordeaux, SANEF, KALLISTA or SYNERAIL) of the ARDIAN’s portfolio

Prior to joining ARDIAN, he has worked for 15 years at CA-CIB and Credit Lyonnais in the Infrastructure advisory and structured finance activities.

He has over 25 years of experience in the field of infrastructure and has developed a sharp knowledge of the major European strategic and financial infrastructure players.

Laurent is member of the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra, member of the Supervisory Board of its parent company Infra Foch Topco and member of its Audit and Risks Committee.

Laurent is graduated from the Ecole des Mines

Gonzague Boutry

Gonzague joined ARDIAN in 2012 as an Analyst, following an internship in Paris within the Infrastructure Team. Before ARDIAN, he completed several internships within AXA France and KPMG.

Gonzague is based in Paris. He is graduated from both the Arts et Métiers ParisTech Engineering School and from the ESSEC Business School with a Master’s Degree in Finance.

Gonzague is a Board Member of Infra Foch Topco.

Jean Jacques Dayries

Vice-Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra

Jean Jacques is graduated from ESTP (Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics) (ESTP), and also holds an MBA from the Insead.

He began his career in the Pechiney Group in 1980 as vice-president of PECHINEY Asia-Pacific. In 1988, he joined the Compagnie de Suez as Director.

In 1994, he joined the Crédit Lyonnais Group, where he became Chief Executive Officer in charge of investment banking and real estate financing activities.

In 2003, he became CEO and board member of the investment company AEW Europe, in charge of a diversified real estate portfolio (offices, retail and logistics) of € 17bn.

He is now Chairman of Rivoli Avenir Patrimoine (€ 2bn of real estate assets); President of Photofort SAS and Sylvofort GF, Board Member of Batilogistic (total assets of more than 1 million square meters in Europe, Russia and Brazil), Director of SAGAT and GESAC (airports of Turin and Naples) and member of the Advisory Board of MK2.

Jean Jacques DAYRIES is Vice-Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra, member of the Supervisory Board of its parent company Infra Foch Topco, Chairman of its Audit and Risks Committee and member of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee of Indigo Infra.

Frédéric Payet

Frédéric Payet joined Crédit Agricole Assurances in 2015 where he has been involved on the group’s direct investments in various sectors, including the infrastructure sector.

Prior to joining Crédit Agricole Assurances, Frédéric worked in Investment Banking at Credit Suisse and Rothschild & Cie, providing M&A advisory to international corporates and sponsors across various sectors (utilities, oil & gas, telecom, transport, healthcare).

Frédéric is a graduate of Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées (ENSTA) ParisTech. He also holds a Master degree in Economics (Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne) and a Master 1 of Science, Fundamental Physics (Paris Sud 11, Orsay).

Frédéric is an administrator of Aéroports de Lyon and Atlandes (A63 motorway). He also represents Predica on the Supervisory Board of Dunkerque LNG (observer).

Michel Bleitrach

Michel Bleitrach is a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique (1965) and Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées. He also holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics and a Master of Business Administration from Berkeley University in California.

He began his career as an Infrastructure Projects Engineer for the BECHTEL group, and then joined the French Ministry of Infrastructure, where he managed a number of programs such as the privatization of highways or major development projects.

He continued his career as Managing Director of energy services subsidiaries at ELF AQUITAINE (production-exploration, industrial and chemical development) before heading the Priam Group (BP/LYONNAISE DES EAUX) in 1992, then ELYO (created from the merger between Ufiner-Cofreth and Priam – Suez Energy division) in 1995.

In 2000 he became Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of SUEZ Industrial Solutions while remaining CEO of ELYO, before becoming President of the Executive Board of KEOLIS in 2004, then Chairman of HIME, the parent company of SAUR Group, in 2012 and 2013.

Michel is a board member of SPIE S.A., SOCOTEC, and member of the Supervisory Board of JC DECAUX. He is also Chairman of the Remuneration Committee of SPIE S.A.

He also chairs the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra since 2014.

Mathias Burghardt

Mathias Burghardt is the head of ARDIAN’s Infrastructure activity and a member of its Executive Committee. He joined ARDIAN in 2005 and founded its Infrastructure activity. Mathias has over 25 years of experience in the infrastructure and energy sectors.

Mathias is or has been a board member for several key portfolio companies including SANEF, 2i Rete Gas, Companias Logistica de Hidrocarburos (in which he is also Chairman of the Remuneration Committee).

Previously, he joined the AXA Group to set up and lead its Infrastructure investment activity after having managed the HSBC Project Finance Advisory team in France.

He started his career in 1989 within the Credit Lyonnais Media & Telecom team.

Mathias has developed extensive relationships with European infrastructure industrial and financial sponsors, public authorities and regulators.

Mathias is member of the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra and Chairman of the Remuneration and Nomination Committee of Indigo Infra.

Mathias is of dual French and Argentine citizenship and is graduated from the Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Paris (ESCP) with a major in Finance.

Magali Chessé

Magali Chessé has been Head of Equity Investment Strategies at Crédit Agricole Assurances since 2010.

Magali Chessé is graduated in economics and management (Universities of Strasbourg and Paris – Dauphine) and from the Société Française des Analystes Financiers. Magali Chessé began her career in private equity in 1999 (venture capital / development capital).

She was Investment Director at Crédit Agricole Private Equity before joining Predica where she was responsible for managing and monitoring the equity, private equity and infrastructure asset classes.

Magali Chessé is an administrator of RGDS, the Frey property company, the airport hub 2i Aeroporti and a member of the Supervisory Board of Elis.

She also represents Predica on the Board of Directors of Siparex Associés (censor) and on the Supervisory Board of Tivana France Holdings – TDF Group (censor).

Magali is member of the Supervisory Board of Indigo Infra.


Infra Foch Topco

Infra Foch Topco holds all the shares of Indigo Group.

M. Serge CLEMENTE, who joined VINCI Park in September 2011, is President of Infra Foch Topco since June 2014.

Infra Foch Topco, also a French simplified joint-stock company, has a Supervisory Committee composed of four members, most of whom have been in office since 2014:

The share capital of Infra Foch Topco is held by various investment funds managed by ARDIAN, on the one hand, and PREDICA, one of Crédit Agricole Assurances‘ subsidiaries, on the other hand, directly and indirectly holding approximately 49.2% of the share capital each, the remaining 1.6% being held directly and indirectly by the Group’s management and employees.


Indigo Group

Indigo Group (formerly known as Infra Park), a French simplified joint-stock company (société par actions simplifiée), is chaired by Serge CLEMENTE since June 2014, when Indigo Group acquired 100% of Indigo Infra (formerly known as VINCI Park).


Indigo Infra

Indigo Infra, the main subsidiary of the Group, is a French joint-stock company with an Executive Board and a Supervisory Board (société anonyme à directoire et conseil de surveillance).

In addition to Mr. Serge CLEMENTE who chairs, the Board is composed of Mr. David Kownator, Group Financial Officer, and Mr. Sébastien FRAISSE, General Manager for France.

The Supervisory Board has six members in office since 2014:



Committees have been set up to assist Infra Foch Topco’s Supervisory Committee and Indigo Infra’s Supervisory Board in their work:


Shareholders of Indigo Group S.A.S
About Ardian
About Crédit Agricole Assurances

The company Indigo Group S.A.S. (formerly named Infra Park S.A.S.) holds about 100% of Indigo Infra S.A. capital (previously named VINCI Park S.A.). Indigo Group S.A.S. is indirectly held at almost 49.2% by investment funds managed by ARDIAN and at almost 49.2% by Crédit Agricole Assurances through its subsidiary Predica. The remainder is held by the employees and the Group’s management.

Ardian is a world-leading private investment house with assets of $72bn managed or advised in Europe, North America and Asia. The company is majority-owned by its employees. It keeps entrepreneurship at its heart and focuses on delivering excellent investment performance to its global investor base.

Through its commitment to shared outcomes for all stakeholders, Ardian’s activities fuel individual, corporate and economic growth around the world.

Holding close its core values of excellence, loyalty and entrepreneurship, Ardian enjoys a truly global network, with more than 530 employees working from fourteen offices across Europe (Frankfurt, Jersey, London, Luxembourg, Madrid, Milan, Paris and Zurich), North America (New York, San Francisco), South America (Santiago) and Asia (Beijing, Singapore, Tokyo). It manages funds on behalf of 640 clients through five pillars of investment expertise: Funds of Funds, Direct Funds, Infrastructure, Real Estate and Private Debt.

Crédit Agricole Assurances is the leading insurance company in France and comprises the insurance subsidiaries of Crédit Agricole. The Group offers a range of products and services covering savings, retirement, health, personal protection and property insurance. These are distributed by the Crédit Agricole Group banks in France and by wealth management advisors and insurance agents in nine other countries. The Crédit Agricole Assurances companies serve individual customers, professional clients, farmers and businesses. Crédit Agricole Assurances employs 4,400 people. It generated revenue of €30.4bn in 2017 (IFRS).